Diabetes in Adults vs Diabetes in Kinds: What Treatments Plans are Offered in Canadian Pharmacies

Local pharmacists with legally regulated treatment plans work in a variety of settings across Canada – the situation significantly improved over the last decade. These factors lead to variations in the perception of Canadian pharmacy practice, specifically when it is related to diabetes care and treatment.

According to Canadian Journal of Diabetes and Plateau Canadian Pharmacy, almost 75% of Canadian pharmacists work in community pharmacies which often serve as an primary source of contact with the healthcare system for patients ­– both adults and children – who were diagnosed of diabetes type 1 and type 2. Most diabetes patients need to take medications during lifetime so it was a crucial task to create solid treatment plans so people could get necessary prescription and OTC meds in any pharmacy operating in Canada.

It’s an interesting fact that most Canadian provinces have already introduced the legal obligations allowing local pharmacists for expanding the available healthcare services for diabetes patients. For instance, pharmacists in Ontario province even have the legal right to initiate the diabetes drug therapy and administer special injectable medications for customers with diabetes of both types.

Now let’s take a closer look on how people with different types of diabetes get treatment in Canadian Pharmacies.

Treatment plans for children with diabetes in pharmacies of Canada

Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by a chronic increase in the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Diabetes mellitus is ranked at first among all endocrine diseases in children. Children with diabetes are relatively acute and, without a proper treatment, tend to get a severe, progressive course. Such a development of diabetes in children occurs due to the intensive growth of the child’s body and increased metabolism.

There are 2 main types of diabetes in children:

  • Insulin dependent diabetes (diabetes type 1);
  • Non-insulin dependent diabetes (diabetes type 2);

When diabetes type 2 is prevalent among adults, diabetes mellitus (insulin-dependent) prevails among children. Diabetes type 1 is characterized by a very low level of insulin in the blood when a child with diabetes mellitus is dependent on the insulin treatment.

The treatment of diabetes for a child with diabetes type 1 includes physical exercise, diet and the regular use of medications.

Correct organization of physical activity in children with diabetes necessarily involves the use of additional carbohydrates before, during and after physical exercise in accordance with the advice given by your doctor, as well as periodic monitoring of blood glucose concentration.

Almost all Canadian children suffering from diabetes type 1 receive insulin. Due to the introduction of long-acting insulin in the treatment plans in Canada, there is only one injection of insulin is required per day.

Popular Glucagon pills are effective in treating diabetes in adults, but they rarely produce the good results in children. These pills are used in mild forms of the disease or are prescribed as an adjuvant to reduce the number of injections or the dose of insulin. Children and adolescents who are regularly treated, follow the diet restrictions are well developed physically and mentally.

Sometimes Canadian pharmacies cover the treatment plan with Metformin for children and teens with diabetes of both types. Metformin is used to reduce insulin resistance, increase insulin secretion in children and adolescents. This drug acts through insulin receptors on the sensitivity of peripheral tissues to insulin and reduces the level of insulin circulating in the blood flow.

Types of insulin injections for children and adult

  • Rapid-Acting Insulin starts working 15 minutes after the injection and lasts up to 4 hrs;
  • Short-Acting Insulin starts working 60 minutes after the use and lasts up to 9 hrs;
  • Intermediate-Acting Insulin starts working 1-4 hours after the use and lasts up to 10-24 hrs;
  • Long-Acting Insulin starts working within a few hours after the use and lasts up to 18-24 hrs;

Advantages of using short-acting insulins in children and adolescents:

  • It improves the quality of life for diabetes patients – it is convenient for the use (immediately before meals), can be used after meals, reduce the risk of hypoglycemia and doesn’t affect flexibility of the diet;
  • One short-acting insulin injection improves the state of carbohydrate metabolism;

Short-acting insulin injections are shown to children of the first years of life with inconsistent, changing appetite, adolescents in expanding their lifestyle and nutrition, with a tendency to hypoglycemia in late evening and during the nighttime, with an unstable course of the disease and significant fluctuations of the glucose levels.

Canadian treatment plans for adults with diabetes

This disease can cause serious complications, such as vascular diseases and brain damage. It is important at the initial stage to carry out competent treatment of diabetes.

According to Canadian healthcare guidelines, the treatment of a mild type of type 2 diabetes is required in the early stages, when patients feel dry mouth, muscle weakness. At the same time, they retain their normal working capacity. In such cases, the insulin treatment is not required.

Treatment plans with the moderate severity and a profound metabolic disorder occurs. A person is systematically required to administer an insulin or use an anti-depressant drug, only so that a patient is able to digest food according to his/her physiological needs.

Modern treatment methods for adults

Insulin-lowering drugs are divided into several groups according to the mechanism of action. The classes of drugs for diabetes is like this:

  • Biguanides (like Metformin);
  • Gliptins;
  • Meglitinides (Prandin);
  • Thiazolidinediones (Glitazones);
  • Α-glucosidase inhibitors;
  • Insulin;

Metformin (RxList information) is not only an effective remedy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but also a medicine that has a prophylactic effect against heart disease. The drug is able to inhibit the growth of tumor cells, as well as slow down aging processes.

Another popular medication for adults with diabetes type 1 and 2 is the group of DPP-4 inhibitors or gliptins.

One of the main advantages of a new class of insulin-lowering pills is the lack of risk of hypoglycemia. In old age hypoglycemic conditions can provoke development of a hypertensive crisis, spasm of coronary vessels with the development of acute myocardial infarction, sudden loss of vision.

Gliptins like Januvia, Janumet and Vipidia can be assigned:

  • As a treatment of patients with a newly diagnosed diabetes;
  • For people with poor tolerability or contraindications for the appointment of biguanides;
  • In the combination with other pills that reduce blood sugar;

Diabetes medications have few side effects, do not cause an increase in body weight, delayed emptying of the stomach. The intake of gliptins is not accompanied by the development of edema. These types of type 2 diabetes can be taken at all stages of chronic kidney disease.

Sources:

  • https://www.canadianjournalofdiabetes.com/
  • https://www.plateaudrugs.com
  • https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20351193
  • https://www.medicinenet.com/glucagon/article.htm
  • https://www.canada.ca/en/

8 Interesting Facts about Online Pharmacy

Do you want to know what medications are the most popular in online pharmacy services? Why people become regular clients of Canadian e-pharmacies? The team of Azmedications.com receives dozens of similar questions related to the operation of our website, the statistics and interesting facts concerning our business. We gathered the most interesting statistical facts about our work, consumer behavior and results of our anonymous surveys. We also used the statistical data of ASOP Global polling firm.

Interesting facts about the global online pharmacy market:

1. Only 4% of online pharmacies comply with U.S. laws

According to the report of ASOP Global, there are about 35,000 working online pharmacies. About 96% of them have no license to work in the United States, because there is no compliance with U.S. federal laws or pharmacy standards. Most legal online pharmacies are located in Canada.

2. Only 27% of consumers know about online pharmacies

Regular clients of online pharmacy services are people up to 40 years with average incomes (about $80,000 of annual income for one household). An interesting fact: about 70% of these young regular customers use social media and that’s how they find out about legal online pharmacies, discounts and offers. 74% of these consumers return after buying the first medication online.

3. 88% of online pharmacy customers do not consult their doctor before buying meds

Despite all our recommendations, most customers trust the descriptions and buy meds for using without consulting a doctor first.

Top 5 medicine-related facts every customer should know!

1. Drink pills with water — doctors approve

Do you want to know why doctors advise to drink drugs only with clean water, not with juice or milk? Because it doesn’t contain any elements For example, if you drink some pills with milk, it will lose its effectiveness and will simply not work. But a couple of hundred years ago in the United States people were recommended to swallow pills with beer. In the 19th century beer was considered as a disinfectant capable of strengthening immunity and increasing the overall tone of the body.

2. Vaseline was used for removing stains from upholstery

In 1872, the American chemist Robert August Chesebrough, patented the process of production of Vaseline. But initially this ointment was not used at all as a laxative remedy. Vaseline has been widely used as a stain remover for furniture upholstery. But a year later, the scientist made a conclusion about the healing properties of Vaseline. If to take it orally it works as a perfect laxative. If to apply Vaseline as an ointment, it promotes the healing of damaged skin.

3. Viagra had to be a heart medication

In the early 1990’s, Pfizer decided to bring the new cardiac drug on the market — Sildenafil Citrate to the pharmaceutical market. However, the clinical trials of this drug ended in failure — it did not provide any healing effects on the heart. At the same time, representatives of the male control group noted that the use of the drug caused them anxiety. Sildenafil Citrate instead of improving blood supply to the heart turned out to be effective with the increased blood flow to male reproductive organs. This was how Viagra appeared.

4. Coca Cola used to be a forbidden pharmaceutical product

In 1886, pharmacist John Stith Pemberton introduced in the United States a new broad-spectrum medication intended to treat diseases of the nervous system, impotence, as well as to relieve pain symptoms of various origins. The drug was a mixture of leaves of coca and cola trees in a proportion of 3: 1. 17 years after the appearance on the Coca-Cola drink on the market, manufacturers were accused of aiding and abetting anxiety of townspeople arranged under the influence of a stuffy substance that was part of the beverage — the coca juice. Coca-Cola’s production technology has been changed, and cocaine was previously removed from coca in the processing of fresh coca leaves.

5. Ketchup was sold in American pharmacies

In the 1820, an ordinary ketchup was sold in American pharmacies. It was considered as a remedy for the treatment of eczema and baldness, and even was patented as a medicine. Although today ketchup is used in cooking, not in medicine. However, one of the key components of any ketchup — lycopene pigment is very useful for a human body because it’s rich in with antioxidants. Even in fresh tomatoes, the concentration of lycopene is much lower than in ketchup. Today, you can buy lycopene in an online pharmacy in the form of pills.

As you can see, our online pharmacy tries to satisfy all customer needs, even if it concerns their urge for education and interesting facts about our business and common medications.